The development of Hinduism can be interpreted as a constant interaction between the religion of the upper social groups, represented by the Brahmans dissertation (priests and teachers and the religion of other groups. From the time of the Aryan invasion (c. 1500 BC) the indigenous inhabitants of the subcontinent have tended to adapt their religious and social life to Brahmanic norms. This has developed from the desire of lower-class groups to rise on the social ladder by adopting the ways and beliefs of the higher castes. This process, sometimes called "Sanskritization began in Vedic times when non-Aryan chieftains accepted the ministrations of Brahmans and thus achieved social status for themselves and their subjects. It was probably the principal method by which Hinduism spread through the subcontinent and into southeast Asia. Sanskritization still continues in the form of the conversion of tribal groups, and it is reflected by the persistent tendency of low-caste hindus to try to raise their status by adopting high-caste customs, such as wearing the sacred cord and becoming vegetarians. If Sanskritization has been the main means of spreading Hinduism throughout the subcontinent, its converse process, which has no convenient label, has been one of the means whereby hinduism has changed and developed over the centuries. The Aryan conquerors lived side by side with the indigenous inhabitants of the subcontinent, and many features of Hinduism, as distinct from Vedic religion, may have been adapted from the religions of the non-Aryan peoples of India.
The mediterranean racial type, to which most modern higher-caste Dravidian speakers belong, is widespread throughout India; but it cannot be proved that all people of this type originally spoke dravidian languages or that all followed the same culture. Equally or more widely spread in south and southeast Asia is the Proto-australoid racial type, the purest members of which in India mom are the tribal peoples of the centre and the south, many of whom speak languages of the austric family. Thus, although many aspects of Hinduism are traceable to non-Aryan influence, not all of these aspects are borrowed from "Dravidians." In the 20th century the term Dravidian generally refers to a family of languages and not to an ethnic group. Other sources, the central Asian nomads who entered India in the two centuries before and after the beginning of the Christian Era might have influenced the growth of devotional Hinduism out of Vedic religion. The classical Western world directly affected Hindu religious art, and several features of Hinduism can be traced to zoroastrianism. The influence of later Chinese taoism on Tantric Hinduism (an esoteric system of rituals for spiritual power) has been suggested, though not proved. In more recent centuries, the influence of Islam and Christianity on Hinduism can be seen. The Process of "Sanskritization".
Marc Chagall Marc Chagall as an artist and as a person cannot be categorized. He was born in Vitebsk, russia, learned to paint. Petersburg and lived in Paris, berlin, and the United States. His career is influenced by many different factors. « 1 2 3 4 » Copyright 2018. Non-Indo-european sources, the Dravidian Hypothesis, features of Hinduism that cannot be traced to the rigveda are sometimes ascribed to the influence of the original inhabitants, who are often vaguely and incorrectly referred to as "Dravidians." The ruling classes of the harappa culture (c. Bc or the Indus civilization, may have spoken a dravidian language, but as long as their script remains undeciphered this cannot be proved. Moreover, the presence of Dravidian speakers throughout the whole subcontinent at any time in history is not attested.
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