47 Exodus 34:22 associates Shavuot with the first-fruits bikurei ) of the wheat harvest. 48 In turn, deuteronomy 26:111 set out the ceremony for the bringing of the first fruits. To arrive at the correct date, leviticus 23:15 instructs counting seven good weeks from the day after the day of rest of Passover, the day that they brought the sheaf of barley for waving. Similarly, deuteronomy 16:9 directs counting seven weeks from when they first put the sickle to the standing barley. Leviticus 23:1619 sets out a course of offerings for the fiftieth day, including a meal-offering of two loaves made from fine flour from the first-fruits of the harvest; burnt-offerings of seven lambs, one bull, and two rams; a sin-offering of a goat; and a peace-offering. Similarly, numbers 28:2630 sets out a course of offerings including a meal-offering; burnt-offerings of two bulls, one ram, and seven lambs; and one goat to make atonement. Deuteronomy 16:10 directs a freewill-offering in relation to god's blessing.
Numbers 9:15 reports God's direction to the movie Israelites to observe passover in the wilderness of Sinai on the anniversary of their liberation from Egypt. Joshua 5:1011 reports that upon entering the Promised Land, the Israelites kept the passover on the plains of Jericho and ate unleavened cakes and parched corn, produce of the land, the next day. 2 Kings 23:2123 reports that King Josiah commanded the Israelites to keep the passover in Jerusalem as part of Josiah's reforms, but also notes that the Israelites had not kept such a passover from the days of the biblical judges nor in all the days. The more reverent 2 Chronicles 8:1213, however, reports that Solomon offered sacrifices on the festivals, including the feast of Unleavened Bread. And 2 Chronicles 30:127 reports King hezekiah 's observance of a second Passover anew, as sufficient numbers of neither the priests nor the people were prepared to do so before then. And Ezra 6:1922 reports that the Israelites returned from the babylonian captivity observed Passover, ate the passover lamb, and kept the feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with joy. Offering of first fruits (illustration from a bible card published between 18 by the Providence lithograph Company) Shavuot edit numbers 28:2631 refers to the festival of Shavuot. In the hebrew Bible, shavuot is called: The feast of weeks (, chag Shavuot 44 The day of the first-fruits; (, yom habikurim ) 45 The feast of Harvest (, chag haKatzir 46 and A holy convocation (-, mikrah kodesh ).
Moses may have had this festival in mind when in Exodus 5:1 and 10:9 he petitioned Pharaoh to let the Israelites go to celebrate a feast in the wilderness. 41 "Passover on the other hand, was associated with a thanksgiving sacrifice of a lamb, also called "the passover "the passover lamb or "the passover offering." 42 Exodus 12:56, leviticus 23:5, and Numbers 9:3 and 5, and 28:16 direct "Passover" to take place on the. Joshua 5:10, ezekiel 45:21, ezra 6:19, and 2 Chronicles 35:1 confirm that practice. Exodus 12:1819, 23:15, and 34:18, leviticus 23:6, and ezekiel 45:21 direct the "Feast of Unleavened Bread" to take place over seven days and leviticus 23:6 and ezekiel 45:21 direct that it begin on the fifteenth of the month. Some believe that the propinquity of the dates of the two festivals led to their confusion and merger. 41 Exodus 12:23 and 27 link the word "Passover" pesach ) to god's act to "pass over" pasach ) the Israelites' houses in the plague of the firstborn. In the torah, the consolidated Passover and feast of Unleavened Bread thus commemorate the Israelites' liberation from Egypt. 43 The hebrew Bible frequently notes the Israelites' observance of Passover at turning points in their history.
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Psalm 106:3031 reports that Phinehas stepped forward and intervened, the plague ceased, and it was reckoned to his merit forever. Frymer-Kensky noted that the Psalm 106:2831, like numbers 25:113, includes a savior, a salvation, and an explanation of the monopoly of the priesthood by the descendants of Phineas. 31 Professor Michael Fishbane of the University of Chicago wrote that in retelling the story, the Psalmist notably omitted the explicit account of Phinehas's violent lancing of the offenders and substituted an account of the deed that could be read as nonviolent. 32 Numbers chapter 26 edit In Numbers 26:2, god directed Moses and Eleazer to "take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from dissertation 20 years old and upward. All that are able to go forth to war in Israel." That census yielded 43,730 men for reuben, 33 40,500 men for Gad, 34 and 52,700 men for Manasseh 35 — for a total of 136,930 adult men "able to go forth to war" from. But Joshua 4:1213 reports that "about 40,000 ready armed for war passed on in the presence of the lord to battle" from reuben, gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh — or fewer than 3 summary in 10 of those counted in Numbers. Chida explained that only the strongest participated, as Joshua asked in Joshua 1:14 for only "the mighty men of valor." Kli yakar suggested that more than 100,000 men crossed over the jordan to help, but when they saw the miracles at the jordan, many concluded.
36 The Breastplate of the high Priest (illustration from the jewish Encyclopedia ) Numbers chapter 27 edit The hebrew Bible refers to the Urim and Thummim in Exodus 28:30; leviticus 8:8; Numbers 27:21; deuteronomy 33:8; 1 Samuel 14:41 Thammim and 28:6; Ezra 2:63; and Nehemiah. Numbers chapter 28 edit In Numbers 28:3, god commanded the Israelite people to bring to the sanctuary, "as a regular burnt offering every day, two yearling lambs without blemish." But in Amos 4:4, the 8th century bce prophet Amos condemned the sins of the people. In the hebrew Bible, passover is called: "Passover" pesach 37 "The feast of Unleavened Bread" (, chag haMatzot 38 and "A holy convocation" or "a solemn assembly" (-, mikrah kodesh ). 39 Some explain the double nomenclature of "Passover" and "Feast of Unleavened Bread" as referring to two separate feasts that the Israelites combined sometime between the Exodus and when the biblical text became settled. 40 Exodus 34:1820 and deuteronomy 15:1916:8 indicate that the dedication of the firstborn also became associated with the festival. The passover Seder of the portuguese jews (illustration circa by bernard Picart) Some believe that the "Feast of Unleavened Bread" was an agricultural festival at which the Israelites celebrated the beginning of the grain harvest.
22 The text then details the offerings for the sabbath and Rosh Chodesh. 23 Sixth reading — numbers 28:1629:11 edit The sixth reading aliyah ) details the offerings for Passover, Shavuot, rosh Hashanah, and Yom Kippur. 24 seventh reading — numbers 29:1230:1 edit The seventh reading aliyah ) details the offerings for sukkot and Shmini Atzeret. 25 At the end of the reading, moses concluded his teachings to the whole community about the offerings. 26 27 readings according to the triennial cycle edit jews who read the torah according to the triennial cycle of Torah reading read the parashah according to the following schedule: 28 In inner-Biblical interpretation edit The parashah has parallels or is discussed in these biblical.
30 Phinehas confronted the reubenites, gadites, and Manassites (1984 illustration by jim Padgett, courtesy of Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing) In the retelling of deuteronomy 4:34, god destroyed all the men who followed the baal of peor, but kept alive to the day of Moses's address. Frymer-Kensky concluded that deuteronomy stresses the moral lesson: Very simply, the guilty perished, and those who were alive to hear Moses were innocent survivors who could avoid destruction by staying fast to god. 30 In Joshua 22:1618, Phinehas and ten princes of Israelite Tribes questioned the reubenites gadites and Manassites' later building an altar across the jordan, recalling that the Israelites had not cleansed themselves to that day of the iniquity of peor, even though a plague had. Frymer-Kensky noted that the book of Joshua emphasizes the collective nature of sin and punishment, that the transgression of the Israelites at peor still hung over them, and that any sin of the reubenites, gadites, and Manassites would bring down punishment on all Israel. 30 In ezekiel 20:2126, god recalled Israel's rebellion and God's resolve to pour out God's fury on them in the wilderness. God held back then for the sake of God's Name, but swore that God would scatter them among the nations, because they looked with longing at idols. Frymer-Kensky called ezekiel's memory the most catastrophic: Because the Israelites rebelled in the baal-peor incident, god vowed that they would ultimately lose the land that they had not yet even entered. Even after the exile to babylon, the incident loomed large in Israel's memory. 31 Psalm 106:2831 reports that the Israelites attached themselves to baal peor and ate sacrifices offered to the dead, provoking God's anger and a plague.
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14 Moses brought their case before god. 15 Moses Names Joshua to succeed Him (woodcut by julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld from the 1860 Bible in Pictures ) fourth reading — numbers 27:623 edit In the fourth reading aliyah god told Moses that the daughters' plea was just and instructed Moses to transfer. 16 God further instructed that if a man died without leaving a son, the Israelites were to transfer his property to his daughter, or failing a daughter to his brothers, or failing a brother to his father's brothers, or failing brothers of his father,. 17 God told Moses to climb the heights of Abarim and view the land of Israel, saying that when he had seen it, he would die, because he disobeyed God's command to uphold God's sanctity in the people's sight when he brought water from the. 18 Moses asked God to appoint someone interests over the community, so that the Israelites would not be like sheep without a shepherd. 19 God told Moses to single out Joshua, lay his hand on him, and commission him before Eleazar and the whole community. 20 Joshua was to present himself to Eleazar the priest, who was to seek the decision of the Urim and Thummim on whether to go out or come. 21 Fifth reading — numbers 28:115 edit In the fifth reading aliyah god told Moses to command the Israelites to be punctilious in presenting the offerings due god at stated times.
5 Population Change between the high Two censuses Tribe numbers 1 Numbers 26 Change change manasseh 32,200 52,700 20,500.7 Benjamin 35,400 45,600 10,200.8 Asher 41,500 53,400 11,900.7 Issachar 54,400 64,300 9,900.2 Zebulun 57,400 60,500 3,100.4 Dan 62,700 64,400 1,700.7 Judah. 6 Second reading — numbers 26:551 edit In the second reading aliyah the census showed the following populations by tribe : 7 reuben : 43,730 Simeon : 22,200 Gad : 40,500 Judah : 76,500 Issachar : 64,300 Zebulun : 60,500 Manasseh : 52,700 Ephraim. The text notes in passing that when Korah 's band agitated against God, the earth swallowed up Dathan and Abiram with Korah, but Korah's sons did not die. 10 Third reading — numbers 26:5227:5 edit In the third reading aliyah god told Moses to apportion shares of the land according to population among those counted, and by lot. 11 The levite men aged a month old and up amounted to 23,000, and they were not included in the regular enrollment of Israelites, as they were not to have land assigned to them. 12 Among the persons whom Moses and Eleazar enrolled was not one of those enrolled in the first census at the wilderness of Sinai, except Caleb and Joshua. 13 The daughters of Zelophehad approached Moses, Eleazar, the chieftains, and the assembly at the entrance of the tabernacle, saying that their father left no sons, and asking that they be given a land holding.
Numbers 29:2331 is the torah reading for the third intermediate day of sukkot. Numbers 29:2634 is the torah reading for the fourth intermediate day of sukkot, as well as for Hoshana rabbah. And Numbers 29:3530:1 is the maftir Torah reading for both Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah. Contents readings edit In traditional Sabbath Torah reading, the parashah is divided into seven readings, or, aliyot. 3 First reading — numbers 25:1026:4 edit In the first reading aliyah god announced that because Phinehas had displayed his passion for God, god granted Phinehas God's pact of friendship and priesthood for all time. 4 God then told Moses to attack the midianites to repay them for their trickery luring Israelite men to worship baal-peor.
Hanukkah falls on Rosh Chodesh). Numbers 28:915 is the maftir, torah reading mom for Shabbat Rosh Chodesh. Numbers 28:1625 is the maftir Torah reading for the first two days of Passover. Numbers 28:1925 is the maftir Torah reading for the intermediate days (, chol hamoed ) and seventh and eighth days of Passover. Numbers 28:2631 is the maftir Torah reading for each day of Shavuot. Numbers 29:16 is the maftir Torah reading for each day of Rosh Hashanah. Numbers 29:711 is the maftir Torah reading for the yom Kippur morning shacharit ) service.
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Moses sees the Promised Land from Afar (watercolor circa by, james Tissot pinechas, pinchas, pinhas, or, pin'has ( —. Hebrew for phinehas a name, the sixth word and the first distinctive word in the parashah) is the 41st weekly torah portion parashah ) in the annual, jewish cycle. Torah reading and the eighth in the, book of Numbers. It dissertation tells of Pinchas' killing of a couple, ending a plague, and of the daughters of Zelophehad's successful plea for land rights. The parashah is made up of 7,853 Hebrew letters, 1,887 Hebrew words, and 168 verses, and can occupy about 280 lines in a torah scroll (, sefer Torah ). 1, jews generally read it in July, or rarely in late june or early august. 2, as the parashah sets out laws for the. Jewish holidays, jews also read parts of the parashah as Torah readings for many jewish holidays. Numbers 28:115 is the torah reading for the new moon (, rosh Chodesh ) on a weekday (including when the sixth or seventh day.