Diagnosed with a brain tumor in mid-2005 after experiencing strong headaches, he underwent surgery in August. The tumor was found to be malignant and he died in the morning of, fifteen days before his 77th birthday, after being hospitalized in Tallinn for months. In a televised national speech, his successor, President rütel, said, "In his nine years as head of state, meri both restored the presidency and built up the republic of Estonia in the widest sense." Finnish President Tarja halonen stated, "The finnish nation lost in Lennart. 8 In 2009, tallinn Airport was renamed Lennart Meri tallinn International Airport in his honour. 9 Awards and decorations edit merited Writer of Estonian ssr (1979) Correspondent member of the european Academy of Science, art and Literature (1989) Honorary doctor of Helsinki university (1986) Liberal International and coudenhove-kalergi award Honours edit bibliography edit 1964 "Tulemägede maale" (To the land. Dominica Essay, research Paper, official name: Commonwealth of Dominica, capital: Roseau. System of government: Multiparty republic, area: 751 Sq Km (290 Sq Mi). Estimated 2000 population 79,800, location geography: Dominica is an island located at the northern end of the windward chain of the lesser Antilles in the caribbean sea. It is situated between the French island groups of guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south.
5 Work for German refugees and for other victims of ethnic cleansing edit lennart way Meri was engaged in the work for the human rights of German refugees from Central and Eastern Europe and other victims of ethnic cleansing in Europe, and was a member. In 1999 he received the highest distinction of the federation of Expellees (Bund der Vertriebenen). Personal life edit lennart Meri was married twice. His second wife helle meri (born in 1949) worked as an actress in the Estonian Drama Theatre until 1992. Lennart Meris first wife regina meri emigrated to canada in 1987. Lennart Meri is succeeded by three children: sons Mart Meri (born in 1959) and Kristjan Meri (born in 1966) and daughter tuule meri (born in 1985 and four grandchildren. Lennart Meri was chosen the european of the year in 1998 by French newspaper la vie.
During the campaign, some of his opponents tried to bring up questions about Meri's alleged former links with the kgb. However, these allegations did not harm Meri's reputation and public image. Lennart Meri was sworn in as the President on On 20 September 1996, he was re-elected for a second and final term. In 1994, the Estonian Newspaper Association declared Meri the year's Press Enemy. This was the first time this award was given; since that, it has been a yearly occurrence. 3 Interestingly, in 1998, meri was given the complementary award and titled the year's Press Friend. 3 In 1999, meri was once again given the year's Press Enemy award. 4 he was a member of Club of Madrid.
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In Estonia, environmental protests soon grew into a general revolt against soviet rule: the " Singing revolution which was led by Estonian intellectuals. Lennart Meris speech do estonians have hope focused on the existential problems of the nation and had strong repercussions abroad. In 1988, meri became a founding member of the Estonian Popular Front, which cooperated with its counterparts in Latvia and Lithuania. After the first non-communist-style multi-party election in 1990, meri was appointed to the post of Foreign Minister. As Minister of Foreign Affairs, lennart Meris first task was to create the ministry of Foreign Affairs.
He developed around him a group of well educated young people, many English speaking, in order to establish an open communication channel to the west, and at the same time to represent Estonia more widely on the international scene. He participated in the csce conferences in Copenhagen, new York, paris, berlin and Moscow, and the foundation conference of the council of the baltic sea countries. He also had several meetings with American and European heads of State and Foreign Ministers, and was the first Eastern European guest to give a presentation at nato headquarters in Brussels. In 1992, lennart Meri, together with 9 Baltic Ministers of Foreign Affairs and an eu commissioner, founded the council of the baltic sea states (cbss) and the euroFaculty. 2 After a brief period as Ambassador of Estonia to finland, on e became the 2nd President of the republic of Estonia. Meri was the candidate of the Pro patria union. Although, on the first ballot, Arnold rütel, a former leading communist and Chairman of the Presidium of the supreme council of the Estonian ssr, had led with 42 per cent of the total vote, the final choice for the nomination was made by parliament, the.
It reconstructs the history of Estonia and the baltic sea region. The Estonian language belongs to the finnic group of the Uralic languages and Estonian is closely related to finnish and distantly related to hungarian. As in his other works, meri combines documentary sources and scientific research with his imagination. "If geography is prose, maps are iconography meri writes. Hõbevalge is based on a wide-ranging ancient seafaring sources, and carefully unveils the secret of the legendary Ultima Thule.
The name was given in classical times to the most northerly land, reputedly six days' voyage from Britain. Several alternative places for its location have been suggested, among them the Shetland Islands, Iceland, and Norway. According to meri, it is possible that Thule derives from the ancient Estonian folk poetry, which depicts the birth of the kaali crater lake in saaremaa. In the essay tacituse tahtel (2000 meri examined ancient contacts between Estonia and the roman empire and notes that furs, amber, and especially livonian kiln-dried, disease-free grain may have been Estonia's biggest contribution to the common culture of Europe in lean years, it provided seed. Meri founded the non-governmental Estonian Institute ( Eesti Instituut ) in 1988 to promote cultural contacts with the west and to send Estonian students to study abroad. Most recently meri appeared in the documentary film The singing revolution as an interviewee discussing the fall of the soviet Union. Political activity edit After more than twenty years of refusals, the soviet administration finally gave permission for Lennart Meri to travel beyond the Iron Curtain in the late 1970s, and Meri persistently used the opportunities open to him in Finland to remind the free world. He established close relationships with politicians, journalists and Estonians who had fled from the occupation. He was the first Estonian to publicize abroad the protests against the soviet plan of mining phosphorite in Estonia (known as the Phosphorite war which would have rendered a portion of the country uninhabitable.
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"Traveling is the only passion that doesn't need essays to feel shy in front of intellect wrote meri. Urban people still have an inner urge to see the world, hunger for nature. Meri did not underestimate the drawbacks of mass tourism but concluded that "science will liberate us from the chains of big cities and lead us back to nature". Meri's travel book of his journey to the northeast passage, business virmaliste väraval (At the gate of the northern Lights) (1974 won him huge success in the soviet Union. It was translated into finnish in 1977 in the soviet Writers series, which also introduced to finnish readers works by the Estonian writers Mats Traat, lilli Promet, and Ülo tuulik. In the book meri combined the present with a perspective into history, and used material from such explorers as cook, forster, wrangel, dahl, sauer, middendorff, cochran, and others. When he sees a mountain rising against the stormy sky of the bering Strait, he realizes that Vitus Bering and James cook had looked at the same mountain, but from the other side of the strait. Meri's best known work is perhaps Hõbevalge, which translates into silver White and was published in 1976.
Already as a student, lennart Meri had been able to problem earn his living with his writing, after his father had been arrested by the soviet authorities for the third time. With the help of his younger brother who had been forced to leave his studies and take a job as a taxi driver, he managed to support their mother and to complete his own studies. The film The winds of the milky way (Estonian: Linnutee tuuled shot in co-operation with Finland and Hungary, was banned in the soviet Union, but won a silver medal at the new York film Festival. In Finnish schools, his films and texts were used as study materials. In 1986, lennart Meri was awarded an Honorary doctorate from Helsinki university. He became a member of the Estonian Writers' Union in 1963. In the 1970s, he was elected an Honorary member of the finnish Literary society. Tulemägede maale, created in 1964, which is translated as to the land of fiery mountains, chronicled Meri's journey to kamchatka peninsula in the 1960s. Other members of his expedition group included well known scientists Harry ling, kaarel Orviku, erast Parmasto, ants raik, anto raukas, hans Trass, the artist Kalju polli, and filmmaker Hans roosipuu.
he heard around him, the language family of which his native estonian is also a part. His interest in the ethnic and cultural kinship amongst the scattered Uralic family had been a lifelong theme within his work. The meri family survived and found their way back to Estonia where lennart Meri graduated cum laude from the faculty of History and Languages of the University of Tartu in 1953. On, the day of Joseph Stalin 's death, he proposed to his first wife regina meri, saying "Let us remember this happy day forever." The politics of the soviet Union did not allow him to work as a historian, so meri found work. Several of his films were released to great critical acclaim. Writer and filmmaker edit After a trip to the tian Shan mountains in Central Asia and the old Islamic centres in the kara kum Desert in 1958, lennart Meri wrote his first book, which met with a warm reception from the public.
Estonian, lennart Meri fluently spoke five other languages: Finnish, French, german, English and homework Russian. However, the family was in Tallinn when Estonia was occupied by the armed forces of the. Soviet Union in June 1940. The extended Meri family was split in the middle between those opposing and supporting the soviet Union. 1, lennart's cousin, arnold Meri joined the, red Army and was soon made a, hero of the soviet Union. In 1941, the meri family was deported. Siberia along with thousands of other Estonians, latvians and, lithuanians sharing the same fate. Heads of the family were separated from their families and shut into concentration camps where few survived.
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Lennart georg Meri (Estonian pronunciation: lenɑrt georg meri ; ) was an Estonian statesman, writer, and film director. He served as the second, president of Estonia from 1992 to 2001. Meri was among the leaders of the movement to restore Estonian independence from the. Contents, early life edit, meri was born in, tallinn, a son of the Estonian diplomat and later. Shakespeare translator georg Meri, and, estonian Swedish mother Alice-Brigitta Engmann. With his family, lennart left Estonia at an early age and studied abroad, in nine different schools and in four different languages. His warmest memories hippie were from his school years. Lycée janson de sailly in Paris. In addition to his native.