This is not the homework first time, says the more ponderous sauwosch, that a coat of many colours has been as a deception used! . But in truth Sherlock, our modern Joseph, has altogether disappeared, and the evil beast Watson has him devoured. To this criticism i assent: I cannot assent, however, to the theory of the deutero-watson. . I believed that all the stories were written by watson, but whereas the genuine cycle actually happened, the spurious adventures are the lucubrations of his own unaided invention. . Surely we may reconstruct the facts thus. . Watson has been a bit of a gad-about. . he is a spendthrift: so much we know from the beginning of the Study in Scarlet. .
In the twist final Problem, the police secure the whole gang with the exception of Moriarty. . In the Story of the Empty house we hear that they failed to incriminate colonel Moran. . Professor Moriarty, in the return is called Professor James Moriarty whereas know from the final Problem that James was really the name of his military brother, who survived him. . And, worst of all, the dummy in the baker Street window is draped in the old mouse-coloured dressing-gown! . As if we had forgotten that it was a blue dressing-gown that Holmes smoked an ounce of shag tobacco at a sitting, while he unraveled the dark complication of The man with the Twisted Lip! . The detective, says. Papier Mache, has become a chameleon. .
That it should consist of only half a chapter of Thucydides? . That this half-chapter should take the examiner an hour and a half to correct for the press? . That the proofs of the half-chapter should be in three consecutives slips? . Moreover, if a pencil was marked with the name johann faber, how could the two letters nn, and these two only, be left on the stump? . Smith has further pointed out that it would be impossible to find out from the superimposition of the tracks of front and back bicycle tyres, whether the cyclist was going or coming. (c) As to actual inconsistencies. . In the mystery of the solitary cyclist a marriage is performed with no one present except the happy couple and the officiating clergyman. . In the Scandal in Bohemia holmes, disguised as a loafer, is deliberately called in to give away an unknown bride on the ground that the marriage will not be valid without a witness. .
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The evidence against these stories may be divided into (a) those suggested by changes in the character and methods of Holmes, (b) those resting on impossibilities in the narrative itself, (c) inconsistencies found by comparison with point previous narrative. (a) The true holmes is never discourteous to a client: the holmes of the The Adventure of the Three students shrugged his shoulders in ungracious acquiescence while our visitor poured fourth his story. . On the other hand, the true holmes has no morbid craving for serious crime but when John Hector Macfarlane talks of the probability of being arrested, the detective is represented as saying Arrest you! This is most grati- most interesting. . Twice in the return he gibes at his prisoner, a habit from which the true holmes, whether from professional etiquette of for other reasons, invariably abstains. . Again, the false holmes actually calls a client by her Christian name, an impossible thing to an author whose views had not been distorted by the erroneous presentation of him in the play. . he deliberately abstains from food while at work: the real Holmes only does so through absent-mindedness, as in the case of the five orange pips. .
he"s Shakespeare in these stories alone, and that three times, without acknowledgement. . he gives way to ludicrously bad logic in the dancing men. . he sends Watson as his emissary in the solitary cyclist, and this is elsewhere unparalleled, for in the hound of the baskervilles he himself goes down to dartmoor as well, to watch the case incognito. . The true holmes never splits and infinitive; the holmes of the return-stories splits at least three. (b) It is likely that a university scholarship paper nay, an Oxford scholarship paper, for the quadrangle is mentioned in connexion with it should be printed only one day before the examination? .
The Gloria scott is condemned by backnecke partly on the ground of the statement that Holmes was only up for two years at College, while he speaks in the musgrave ritual of my last years at the University; which Backnecke supposes to prove that the. The Gloria scott further represents Percy Trevors bull-dog as having bitten Holmes on his way down to Chapel, which is clearly untrue, since dogs are not allowed within the gates at either university. . The bull-dog is more at home he adds on the Chapel steps, that this fraudulent imitation among the divine products of the watson-genius. . A further objection to the Gloria scott is that it exhibits only four divisions out of the eleven-fold division (to be mentioned later) of the complete holmes-episode, a lower percentage than is found in any other genuine story. . For myself, however, i am content to believe that this irregularity is due merely to the exception character of the investigation, while the two inaccuracies are too slight (me judice) to form the basis for so elaborate a theory. .
I would include both the Gloria scott and the Study in Scarlet as genuine incidents of the holmes-biography. When we come to the final Problem, the alleged death of Holmes, and his subsequent return in an unimpaired and even vigorous condition, the problem grows darker. . Some critics, accepting the return stories as genuine, regard the final Problem as an incident faked by watson for his own purposes; thus. Piff-pouff represents it as an old dodge of the thaumaturgist, and"s the example of Salmoxis or Gebeleizis among the getae, who hid underground for two years, and then returned to preach the doctrine of immortality. . Piff-pouffs verdict is thus expressed: Sherlock holmes has not at all fallen from the reichenbach, it is Vatson who has fallen from the pinnacle of his mendacity. . In a similar vein, bilgemann asserts that the episode is a weak imitation of Empodocles on Etna, the alpenstock being left behind to represent the famous slipper which was revomited by the volcano. . The episode of the final Problem, in his own immortal language, has the watsons-applecart completely overturned. Others, backnecke of course among them, regard the final Problem as genuine, and the return stories as a fabrication. .
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Watson addresses her husband as James. . The present writer, together with three brothers, wrote to ask sir Arthur Conan doyle for an explanation, appending their names in the proper style with crosses after them, and an indication that this was the sign of the four. . The answer was that it was an error, an error, in fact of editing. . Nihil aliud hic latet, says the great sauwosch, nisi redactor ignoratissimus. . Yet this error gave the original impetus to backnecke' theory of the deutero-watson, to whom he assigns the Study in Scarlet, the Gloria scott, and the return of Sherlock holmes. . he leaves to the proto-watson the rest of the memoirs, the Adventures, the sign of four and the hound of the baskervilles. . he disputed the Study in Scarlet on other grounds, the statement in it, for example, that Holmess knowledge of literature and philosophy was nil, whereas it is clear and the true holmes was a man of wide reading interests and deep thought. . we shall deal with this in its proper place.
shouting, we think there is a burglary going on in here. . They were of course shot down, and the home Office had to call out a whole regiment with guns and a fire brigade, in order to hunt down the survivors. Any studies in Sherlock holmes must be, first and foremost, studies. Let us treat at once of the literary and bibliographical aspects of the question. . First, as to authenticity. . There are several grave inconsistencies in the holmes cycle. . For example the Study in Scarlet and the reminiscences are from the hand of John. D., but in the story of The man with the Twisted Lip, Mrs.
It might be the motto of his lifes work. . And it is, is it not, as we clergymen say, by the little things, the apparently unimportant things, that we judge of a mans character. If anyone objects, that the study of Holmes literature is unworthy of scholarly attention, i might content myself with replying that to good the scholarly mind anything is worthy of study, if that study be thorough and systematic. . But I will go further, and say that if at the present time we need a far closer familiarity with Sherlocks methods. . The evil that he did lived after him, the good is interred with him in the reichenbach. . It is a known fact, that is, that several people contracted the dirty and deleterious habit of taking cocaine as a result of reading the books. . It is equally obvious that Scotland Yard has benefited not a whit either by his satire or by his example. . When Holmes, in the mystery of the red-headed league, discovered that certain criminals were burrowing their way into the cellars of a bank, he sat with a dark lantern in the cellar, and nabbed them quietly as they cam through. .
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If there is anything pleasant in life, it is doing what we arent meant. . If there is anything pleasant in criticism, it is finding out what we arent meant to find out. . It is the method by which we treat as significant what the author did not mean to be significant, by which we single out as essential what the author regarded as incidental. . Thus, if one brings out a book shakespeare on turnips, the modern scholar tries to discover from it whether the author was on good terms with his wife; if a poet writes on buttercups, every word he says may be used as evidence against him. On this fascinating principle, we delight to extort economic evidence from Aristophanes, because Aristophanes knew nothing of economics: we try to extract cryptograms from Shakespeare, because we are inwardly certain that Shakespeare never put them there: we sift and winnow the gospel. Luke, in order to produce a synoptic problem, because. Luke, poor man, never knew the synoptic problem to exist. There is, however, a special fascination in applying this method to Sherlock holmes, because it is, in a sense, holmess own method. . It has long been an axiom of mine, he says, that the little things are infinitely the most important. .