In addition the gs-piping System products have undergone rigorous testing programs on behalf of, for instance, several major oil companies. The gs-piping Systems are also approved to be used in offshore conditions by norsok (piping specifications IS70, is80, gs70 and JS80). With the oil leak catastrophe two weeks old and the White house in full crisis beauty overdrive, president Obama finds himself at the center of two debates swirling through his own Democratic Party. The massive leak in the gulf of Mexico has unleashed a dispute over the quality of Obama's leadership in confronting the still-unfolding disaster. And it has renewed scrutiny of proposed energy legislation that hinges on White house-endorsed provisions for more offshore drilling. Obama has been lambasted and lauded for his response to the leak, and subjected to increasing pressure from liberals to rescind his support for new leases to drill off the coast. Org television ad is calling on Obama to reinstate a ban on new offshore drilling. The president has suspended all new drilling pending resolution of the crisis but has not made future promises.
"Leasing would begin no sooner than 2012, and production would not be expected to start before 2017.". Potter and others note that drilling that began 30 years ago, such as in Prudhoe bay, alaska, are helping meet today's demands. Wide range of Installations, gs-hydro you services different offshore installations ranging from fixed platforms and jack-up rigs to tlp's and semi-submersible rigs as well as spar's and fpso's. With more than 35 years of experience in the rugged conditions of the north sea, gs-piping has also proven to be the ideal solution for supply, research and seismic vessels. Various Applications, for the offshore industry, gs-hydro supplies piping for hydraulic systems, air tensioning systems, mud and cement lines, water injection and process lines, as well as for seawater, cooling water and fire main systems. The hydraulic applications on oil drilling rigs and production platforms include drilling equipment, winches and cranes as well as mooring systems. Gs-hydro has received approvals from the world's leading classification societies such as dnv gl, lrs, abs, bv, nkk.
Energy Information Administration (EIA). In the best-case scenarios, said Clusen, "we're talking lowering the price of gas by three cents, 20 years from now.". The American Petroleum Institute is more optimistic. "When we went into Prudhoe bay in northern Alaska, we expected nine billion barrels, and we have already pumped 15 radford said. And the White house estimates that lifting the drilling bans would produce an extra 18 billion barrels from various locations. But the federal eia sees no short-term value in additional drilling, a process that takes years for awarding contracts and obtaining permits. "Access to the pacific, Atlantic, and eastern Gulf regions would not have a significant impact on domestic crude oil and natural gas production or prices before 2030 the eia states on its web site.
Richard heinberg on why low oil prices do not mean there
According to law the nrc's most recent analysis, almost half of oceanic oil worldwide arises from natural processes. Oil spills contribute about 12 percent. Even so, says Clusen, there are 300 to 500 spills every year, a number which will grow with increased production. "And once you have a spill, you are pretty much screwed noaa's Short said. That's because oil spreads on water at a rate of one-half a football field per second. Recovery can take decades. After 20 years of natural weathering, Prince william sound — narayan the area affected by the Exxon-Valdez spill — appears completely recovered to the casual observer, said Short, but animals high up on the food chain are just now starting to re-colonize.
Even a perfectly functioning oil well is a cause of concern due to "produced water explained Short. Produced water — which rises with oil and contains environmental toxins such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) — is usually tossed overboard. At high concentrations, the contaminants are lethal to marine life. At lower concentrations, according to lab experiments, they can cause birth defects, impaired growth and skewed sex ratios. Prices at the pump, estimates for the output of oil drilling sites can only accurately be given in very large ranges, potter explained. For example, the Energy Information Administration predicts anwr could produce between.9 and.3 billion barrels of oil, and that might not do much for our pocketbooks. In 2007, the United States consumed.5 billion barrels, according to the.
The true overall environmental impact of oil drilling is hard to gauge, due to the paucity of baseline studies, said Jeff Short, a supervisory researcher for the. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (noaa). In the wild, most animals quickly flush pah, a toxin associated with oil wells, from their bodies — which is why pah rarely concentrates in the food web and is of minimal risk to humans. The animals justifiably panicked immune response to pah can cause cancer — especially if the animal is exposed continually by, say, living near an oil platform, explained Short. As for human populations, many coastal communities depend on tourism and fishing — both of which may be affected by off-shore drilling by increased development, pollution and disruption of marine life habitats.
Among traditional communities in the anwr, some oppose drilling while others have cautiously welcomed it — within limits — for the improved access to jobs and amenities it could bring. Spills and transportation "The public doesnt have a clear idea of how much oil is moved every day said Potter. "The amount spilled is miniscule, compared to the amount that is transported he said. The industry now has a great track record, said apis Penniman. "Back in the 1880s, we would have had a pretty good chance of ruining the world she said, but technology and safety regulations are now significantly improved. Today, according to the mineral Management Service, of the billions of oil transported. Water,.001 percent is spilled. Far more oil seeps naturally into the sea, reports the national Research council (NRC).
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Radford described advances that reduce oil drillings environmental footprint. For instance, oil companies are now able to drain several oil fields from one platform. And new horizontal drilling techniques allow more oil to be report extracted from a single well. Major infrastructure such as roads, jet landing strips, repair shops, homes and industrial complexes is, of course, still necessary and could disturb wildlife that is accustomed to pristine land, said desk Charles Clusen, director of National Parks and Alaska projects for the natural Resources Defense council. Similar concerns about wildlife arose before construction of the Alaskan Pipeline, built in the 1970s. "But there hasn't really been any effect on the wildlife; they congregate near the pipeline and it doesn't seem to bother them said ut's Eric Potter. However, any development of the Arctic National Wildlife refuge (anwr) for drilling, as President Bush has long advocated for, could have a greater impact. Polar bears, caribou and other animals trek across this unique area to give birth, said Clusen. Birth is the most vulnerable time in a species life cycle and disrupting it will lead to diminished populations, he explained.
However, Andy radford, a policy advisor at the American Petroleum Institute, isnt worried. "We make sure there work are no whales in the area when we are doing our seismic search radford said. Several weeks ago, exxonMobil suspended exploration near Madagascar because more than 100 whales had beached themselves. Ultimately, the seismic tests only help geologists make educated guesses. "you never know until you drill said Eric Potter, associate director of the bureau of Economic geology at the University of Texas at Austin. The usual outcome is failure, potter said, sending wildcatters back to the seismic drawing board. Questions on land too, there are also questions about the impacts on land.
the ecosystem. Impact on marine life, concerns over new drilling amount to more than just a worry about spills. To find potential oil reserves, researchers send seismic waves into the ground. The waves bounce back to reveal the buried topography and can hint at a possible reserve. But seismic noise disorientates whales and leads to mass beachings, said Richard Charter, a government relations consultant for the defenders of Wildlife Action Fund. Laboratory experiments attempting to pin down the impact of seismic waves on wildlife often must rely on caged animals, which raises questions about whether the animals would have fled and avoided ear damage if they could have, note robert McCauley and colleagues. The journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
Additionally, the data drives a daily update newsletter and internet various media outlets across the country. Some information, including the, rasmussen Reports daily Presidential Tracking Poll and commentaries are available for free to the general public. Subscriptions are available for.95 a month.95 a year that provide subscribers with exclusive access to more than 20 stories per week on upcoming elections, consumer confidence, and issues that affect us all. For those who are really into the numbers, Platinum Members can review demographic crosstabs and a full history of our data. To learn more about our methodology, click here. With gas prices skyrocketing and President Bush and other politicians calling to lift a ban against offshore drilling, a polarized debate has again flared up over the true risks and rewards of this approach to oil prospecting. "There are extremes on both sides said Judy penniman of the American Petroleum Institute. A federal ban was initiated by congress in 1981 to protect sites off California and Massachusetts and has been repeatedly expanded since then. Bush put his own ban in place, by executive order, in 1991, and Bill Clinton extended it to 2012.
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58 Still Support Offshore oil Drilling in, politics, dissertation related Articles, sign up for free daily updates. Voters still favor offshore oil drilling, but support has fallen dramatically following the oil rig explosion and major oil leak in the gulf of Mexico. Or, become a member and get full access to all articles and polls starting.95/month. In, politics, we conduct public opinion polls on a variety of topics to inform our audience on events in the news and other topics of interest. To ensure editorial control and independence, we pay for the polls ourselves and generate revenue through the sale of subscriptions, sponsorships, and advertising. Nightly polling on politics, business and lifestyle topics provides the content to update the rasmussen Reports web site many times each day. If it's in the news, it's in our polls.