Although language recovery has been reported in twist some cases, it is impossible to predict the outcome of this disorder due to the range of differences in affected individuals and the relative lack of clinical and neurobehavioral research. For more information, please visit: nidcd health Information Page - landau-kleffner Syndrome back to top learning Disabilities (LD) learning disabilities are a group of neurological disorders which become evident in childhood and which are characterized by difficulty learning, sorting, and storing information. Usually affected individuals have with average or above average intelligence. Children with learning disabilities may have one or more difficulties with skills such as listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities that interfere with academic performance, achievement and, in some cases, activities of daily living. Learning disabilities may overlap with other disorders or environmental influences, but are not the direct result of those conditions or influences. Often these disabilities are not identified until a child reaches school age. Performance on standardized tests are usually found to be below that expected for age, schooling, and level of intelligence. Standardized cognitive measures and diagnostic tools in addition to observations from education professionals help to identify areas where these children are experiencing problems. Some children find learning in a regular classroom difficult and ld classes may be recommended to help them receive more specific and intensive teaching.
The disorder is diagnosed through chromosomal blood testing and is confirmed by a genetic test called fluorescence in situ hybridization (fish). Therapies such as physical, occupational, and speech therapies along with special education techniques are available to help address many of the symptoms of idic(15) and can help these children to develop to their full potential. For more information, please visit:. IsoDicentric 15 Exchange, advocacy support Back to top Landau-kleffner Syndrome landau-kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a childhood disorder that is characterized by a progressive loss of the ability to understand and use spoken language, following a period of normal speech development. Lks occurs most frequently in typically developing children who are between 3 and 7 years of age. It is often accompanied by nighttime seizure activity and is typically diagnosed through a sleep eeg. Some treatments include medication to control the seizures, corticosteroid therapy to improve language ability, and sign language instruction.
People with Fragile x syndrome may experience some degree of mental retardation or learning disabilities along with speech and language delays. In addition, 15-20 may also exhibit behaviors associated with autism. Dna testing can determine a diagnosis for Fragile x, which is a lifelong disorder with no cure, but treatable with behavioral and educational therapies. For more information, please visit: fraxa research foundation Back to top IsoDicentric 15 Isodicentric 15, abbreviated idic(15 is one of a group of genetic conditions. Most children and adults with idic(15) experience developmental disabilities. These can range from mild to severe and may be accompanied by other neurological, physical, and behavioral problems. Although there are few common physical features, structural differences such as a flat bridge of the nose (button nose folds at the corners of the eyes, and others may be present. Individuals may also demonstrate hypotonia and seizures.
Autism, pdd-nos & Asperger's fact sheets diagnosis
For more information, please visit: National Down Syndrome society back to top Expressive language disorder volunteer Expressive language disorder is a developmental disorder where a child will have problems expressing him or herself in speech. Characteristics may include limited vocabulary, difficulty recalling words and producing complex or lengthy sentences. Children with expressive disorder often start speaking late and experience delays acquiring expressive language. Standardized expressive language and non-verbal intellectual tests, and in certain cases functional assessments, should be conducted if an expressive language disorder is suspected. Expressive language disorders may interfere with academics and social communication. .
Speech therapy and social skills therapies may benefit children affected by this disorder. For more information, please visit: Medline Expressive language disorder. Back to top Fragile x syndrome Fragile x syndrome is a genetic disorder and is the most common form of inherited mental retardation. It is more common in boys than girls. Individuals with this disorder often have distinctive physical features, such as a long face, large prominent ears and hyperextensible joints.
Others may have more chronic symptoms throughout their lives. For more information, please visit: American Speech-Language hearing Association (asha) Back to top Cerebral Palsy cerebral palsy is a disorder caused by damage to the brain that occurs before, during, or shortly following birth. It affects body movement and muscle coordination. Individuals with cerebral palsy may also experience seizures, abnormal speech, hearing and visual impairments, and mental retardation. Children with cerebral palsy may not be able to walk, talk, eat, or play in the same ways as most other children.
Cerebral palsy can include milder versions or more severe symptoms which lead to total dependency. Although cerebral palsy is a lifelong condition, training and therapy can help improve function. For more information, please visit: United Cerebral Palsy Association Back to top Down Syndrome down Syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality that changes the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with the syndrome. Mild to severe mental retardation can be present among those affected. Speech and language may also be delayed. The diagnosis is usually suspected at birth due to the presence of physical characteristics such as a large tongue, heart problems, poor muscle tone, and flat facial features. The diagnosis is confirmed through chromosomal testing. The disorder is associated with a lifelong disability but can be treated through a variety of appropriate educational and behavioral interventions in addition to occupational therapies, speech and language interventions, behavior modification, and parent training.
Language development - wikipedia
For more information, please visit: Child and Adolescent Bipolar foundation Back to top Central Auditory Processing Disorder (capd) Central Auditory Processing Disorder (capd) is a complex and often misunderstood neurological disorder that occurs in individuals with normal hearing who have a reduced or impaired ability. The symptoms are highly individual, ranging from mild to severe with many different causes and expressions. Children with capd cannot fully process auditory information passed between the ear and the brain. They may have difficulties hearing amidst distracting background noise, remembering information, discriminating between similar sounds or words, or listening long enough to complete a task. Capd may affect their ability to develop normal language skills, succeed academically, or communicate effectively. Trained specialists, such as speech-language pathologists and audiologists, can assess capd using auditory tests such as behavioral and electrophysiologic tests. Speech-language pathologists and other educational specialists can provide a variety of treatment strategies to help children with capd work around many of the receptive, organizational and retention challenges caused by this disorder. Some childrens auditory processing skills may well mature developmentally to the point where they william become indistinguishable from other children. .
Back to top Autism Spectrum Disorders Please visit First Signs Web page dedicated to autism spectrum disorders where we provide a detailed description of these disorders. For more information, please visit: Autism Society of America. Back to top Bipolar Disorder b ipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a form of mood disorder characterized by a variation of moods that fluctuate between a manic phase of elation, hyperactivity and gender hyper imagination, and a depressive phase of inhibition, slowness to conceive ideas. Symptoms may be present from infancy or early childhood, or may suddenly emerge in adolescence or adulthood. Children—whose symptoms present differently than those of adults—can experience severe and sudden mood changes many times a day. For a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, adult criteria must be met through a variety of measures. There are as yet no separate criteria for diagnosing children. Bipolar disorder is a chronic condition that can be managed with medication, close monitoring of symptoms, education about the illness, counseling or psychotherapy for the individual and family, stress reduction, dietary restrictions and nutritional supplements, regular sleep and exercise, and participation in a network.
evident between 6-12 months of age. Diagnosis can be established through genetic and dna testing as early as the first year of life. . In affected children, language comprehension and non-verbal skills are usually more developed than spoken language and the affected child may have few if any words. Angelman Syndrome have difficulties with movement and balance. . Their behavior may combine frequent laughter and smiling, an easily excitable personality, hand flapping movements, hyperactive behavior, and a short attention span. Associated physical features and concerns, such as seizures, movement problems, hypopigmentation, sleep and feeding problems, are present in about 20-80 of children who have this disorder. Many educational and behavioral interventions have been shown to be effective in addition to physical and occupational therapies, speech and language interventions, behavior modification, and parent training. For more information, please visit: Angelman Syndrome foundation.
Select: developmental Disorder Attention-Deficit Disorder (add attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (adhd) Angelman Syndrome autism and Other Pervasive developmental Disorders Bipolar Disorder Central Auditory Processing Disorder (capd) Cerebral Palsy down Syndrome Expressive language disorder Fragile x syndrome IsoDicentric 15 Landau-kleffner Syndrome learning Disabilities Mental Retardation neural Tube. Attention-Deficit Disorder (add attention-Deficit Hyperactivity, disorder (adhd disorder (adhd) is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders, characterized by problems with inattentiveness, over-activity, impulsivity, or a combination. For these problems to be diagnosed as AD/hd, they must be out of the normal range for the child's age and development. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often persists into resume adulthood. Diagnosis can be made reliably using well-tested diagnostic interview methods. . Treatment may include medical, educational, behavioral, and/or psychological interventions. Adhd is a lifelong disorder that can negatively impair many aspects of daily life if not treated, including home, school, work, and interpersonal relationships.
Attachment in adults - wikipedia
Although developmental writing and behavioral disorders are increasingly widespread, they are still poorly understood by most of society. The lack of knowledge is further compounded by the stigma that often accompanies a diagnosis of a developmental or behavioral disorder. Parents and physicians can educate themselves and others about the range of disorders, as well as the opportunities for treatment and intervention. Whether a child has a developmental delay or disorder, early identification and intervention are essential for achieving the best possible outcome. The most common developmental disorder is mental retardation. According to the, cdc, more than one out of every 100 school children in the United States has some form of mental retardation. Cerebral palsy is the second most common developmental disorder, followed by autism spectrum disorders. The following list outlines different types of developmental and behavioral disorders, provides a brief description for each, and identifies Web sites that may serve as an introductory resource for parents.