Make connections to current events i know what you are thinking, i have one school year (less if your school year starts in September) to get through 1491 to Present and now i am supposed to make this a current events class as well? . The answer is yes and. . Will stuff from the news pages be content the students need to know for the exam: absolutely not. . However, it is a great opportunity for synthesis. For example, examining the lgbt movement could offer some interesting comparisons for other reform movements in the past. . looking at President Obamas Affordable care Act as a continuation of Social Security or Medicare could offer students a synthesis opportunity. . Examining similarities and differences between the boston tea party and the tea party movement or how the 2016 mattress election compares to some presidential races in the past allows students unique ways to earn their synthesis point. . I have found this approach makes the class more interesting and meaningful for students and allows students to observe that history has continuities and changes that evolve over time. Any time changes happen, there is a temptation to be reactionary and reject them. .
Students then get to examine them and look at effective and less effective attempts at earning Synthesis. . Often the best way for students to learn what to do or good how to improve is to see what their classmates have done. Review Historical Themes Throughout the year The college board has broken all of the learning objectives into a handful of themes (identity, culture, politics and power, etc.) that are relevant throughout United States history. . by relying on these themes, students can see these connections throughout the year, making Synthesis more approachable for students. For example, one theme i follow throughout the year is immigration and demographic changes. . by tracing Americas immigration from colonization to Irish and German in the 1840s to new Immigrants after the civil War and so on, students are able to find ample opportunities to make historical connections throughout American history. Additionally, being explicit about covering events through a variety of historical categories of analysis (political, economic, social, cultural and intellectual allows students to see multiple factors that play a role in key events in American history. . For example, when covering the causes of us imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, breaking them down for students into economic factors (such as business markets social factors (such as Social Darwinism and religious missionaries) and political factors (such as increased government.
Incorporating In-Class Activities making teaching Synthesis a part of your class time is crucial in observing student growth on this skill. . I have done a few activities that have been especially useful. . One is to find a news story that makes a comparison to historical events in the past (one recent piece compared Trump to Andrew Jackson) and ask students to discuss or debate on the similarities and differences (more on current events below). Additionally, i printed out a variety of terms and events from the first semester cut them out, and randomly handed them out to students. . Students had to go around the room and try to figure out how their term was related to another students term. . Some inevitably were not really related at all, but it forced students to try to make connections between the various periods and subjects we focused on (many times beyond just basic surface-level stuff which is essentially what synthesis is all about. Assign Many dbq and leq assessments and Share Specific Examples The more often students write dbqs and leqs, the more comfortable students will get with the entire process and skill set involved, including Synthesis. . One thing that has been especially successful in my classroom is to collect a handful of student attempts at the synthesis point and share them with students. .
Synthesis, powerPoint Presentation
For example, if a prompt calls for economic and political causes and effects of the vietnam War, students could write an additional paragraph on social causes and effects. . A good response for students would include class tensions, war oms protesters, racial tensions in the armed forces, etc. . In this scenario, students could also reference specific social documents if it is a dbq. . Again, it is crucial to make sure that students dont do this in a drive-by sort of way, but go into depth with a variety of specific examples. Strategies for teaching Synthesis to Students. Make connections Early and Often.
Synthesis is all about making connections between different time periods and situations. After each unit or chapter, have students make 2-3 connections to something else they learned in the class. . For example when your class is studying the Espionage and Sedition Acts in 1917, students could connect these laws to the. United States Constitutions freedom of speech and press, President Adams Sedition Act of 1798, lincolns suspension of habeas corpus during the civil War, or even the patriot Act during the war on Terror. . This could be done formally as a written assignment, or informally as a warm-up or exit ticket as a formative assessment. . The more comfortable students are in making these connections, the better off they will be on the exam date.
And the Student Nonviolent coordinating Committee supported peaceful and political tactics to bring attention to their goals of increased social equality and basic rights for African Americans. Note the dramatic difference. . The first is an offhand vague reference that lacks evidence of a depth of understanding. . The second example has specific pieces of information that provide substantial evidence of a connection between the two movements. Comparing Different geographic Regions, in addition to referencing similarities between different time periods, students can earn the synthesis point by comparing geographic areas. .
For example, if students are asked to identify the causes of industrialization before the civil War, students could look at the lack of industrialization in the south in this same time period. . One example of a solid student example is below: While the northeast began rapid industrialization in the 1830s and 1840s, the south remained predominantly rural and agricultural. . Large cities were few and far between, and with the invention of the cotton gin, the plantation economy and an emphasis on farming and agriculture was reasserted. . The south shipped their cash crops to european and Northern factories, remaining mostly unindustrialized in the years before the civil War. These economic differences created stark differences between the north and south on a variety of issues, including protective tariffs, which northern industrialists favored and southern consumer opposed. Making Connections to different course Themes. One effective strategy students can use to earn the synthesis point is to add an additional course theme (or category of analysis). . This works best when the prompt explicitly calls for specific themes. .
This is not enough depth to be awarded a synthesis point. . Students need to explain what the civil Rights movement is: who are the main leaders, what were some of their goals, and/or what were successes and failures of the movement. . Students also need to be clear on why the abolitionist movement and civil Rights movement are related. . What are similarities and differences? . What specific connections can be made between the two? . A better response would be: Similar to the abolitionist movement, the civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s continued to promote better conditions and increased equality for African Americans. . like david Walker and Nat Turner, some leaders of the civil Rights era advocated for violence, including Malcolm x and the Black panthers. . However, like the Free soil Party and the orator Frederick douglass, civil Rights leaders like martin Luther King.
It also ensures that students are thorough and dont just treat the connection in a superficial way (more on this below). . Finally, it makes it less likely that their synthesis attempt will get confused with evidence they are using to build their argument. Examples of Successful Student Synthesis points. Regardless of which way students try to earn the synthesis point, one of the biggest pitfalls that students fall into is simply referencing the connection in a few words or a phrase without going into substantive depth. . Students need to go habits into detail explaining what the connection is and why there is a relationship between their essay and the examples they chose. One of the biggest pitfalls is referencing the connection without going into substantive depth. Click to tweet, comparing Different Time periods and events. For example, if students are writing an essay about the causes and effects of the abolitionist movement, they may write: This is similar to the civil Rights movement of the 1960s.
for a given historical issue. The second way essentially gives students the ability to add an additional category of analysis: If the question asks for political and economic factors, students could additionally discuss social factors for a particular issue or event. Note: There is also an additional way in that. Ap european History and ap world History students can earn the synthesis point, by using another discipline like anthropology or government to explore a historical issue. . This third option is not open as a possibility for. Synthesis can technically happen at any time throughout the essay. . However, i encourage students to write their synthesis in a conclusion paragraph. . I think it makes the most sense there because going beyond the argument of the essay is a good way for students to tie up their thoughts, which typically occurs in the final paragraph. .
Click to tweet, the place it is most relevant in the course is as one potential point students can earn on both the. Document Based question (DBQ) and Long Essay question (LEQ). . In order to earn the synthesis point, students must extend the argument. . This means that in addition to making an argument with a thesis and supported homework by evidence, students must do something beyond answering the specific prompt. . There are two different ways that the college board has defined that students can extend the argument:. Make connections between a given historical issue and related developments in a different historical context, geographical area, period, or era, including the present. The first way to earn the synthesis point is to take a part of the essay and compare it to something else that was covered in the course. .
GitHub - uwplse/herbie: Synthesis for floating- point
Disclaimer: Please note that synthesis is no longer a component of the dbq or leq rubrics for the ap histories as of the school year. In this post, we will explore one of these points students will be looking to earn to help their chances at passing the apush exam this Spring: the synthesis point. What is the synthesis point? According to the college board, synthesis refers to: Historical thinking involves the ability to develop understanding of the past by making meaningful and persuasive historical and/or cross-disciplinary connections between a given historical issue and other historical contexts, periods, themes, or disciplines. (College board ap course and Exam Description, ap us history, fall 2015). Synthesis is a crucial critical thinking skill that is featured in the newly redesigned course. . In my opinion, this is a great skill to actively address in the classroom. . making connections between different time periods, events and various contexts throughout American history is something I have review always attempted to do in my classroom, but the college board explicitly defining this skill has made me much more cognizant and proactive in helping students see interconnectedness. Synthesis is a crucial critical thinking skill that is featured in the newly redesigned course.