Xml presentation

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The example states that Opera is a subclass of an anonymous owl class that has as its class extension the set of all individuals for which the property hasLibrettist has at least one value. Thus, operas should have at least one librettist. Element EquivalentClasses Ontology This element asserts that two or more classes have the same class extension (i.e., class extensions contain exactly the same set of individuals). Owl:equivalentClass in owl reference in its simplest form, an EquivalentClass axiom states the equivalence (in terms of their class extension) of two named classes. For example: Example 2_3-13 (l,d, f) owlx:EquivalentClasses owlx:Class owlx:name"US_President" / owlx:Class / element DisjointClasses (D,F) Ontology This element asserts that the class extensions of the two or more class descriptions involved have no individuals in common. Owl:disjointWith in owl reference declaring two classes to be disjoint is a partial definition: it imposes a necessary but not sufficient condition on the class. A popular example of class disjointness is given below: Example 2_3-14 (D,F) owlx:DisjointClasses owlx:Class owlx:name man" / owlx:Class owlx:name woman" / /owlx:DisjointClasses The following example shows a common use of class disjointness in subclass hierarchies.

Example 2_3-8 (D,F) owlx:Class owlx:name"IntersectionOf-eg" owlx:complete"true" owlx:IntersectionOf owlx:OneOf owlx:Individual annual owlx:name tosca" / owlx:Individual owlx:name salome" / /owlx:OneOf owlx:OneOf owlx:Individual owlx:name turandot" / owlx:Individual owlx:name tosca" / /owlx:OneOf /owlx:IntersectionOf /owlx:Class element UnionOf (D,F) class - a essay reference to a class name description This element specifies. Owl:unionOf in owl reference the example below describes a class for which the class extension contains three individuals, namely "Tosca "Salome and "Turandot" assuming they are all different (see also owl:unionOf in owl reference ). Example 2_3-9 (D,F) owlx:Class owlx:name"UnionOf-eg" owlx:complete"true" owlx:UnionOf owlx:OneOf owlx:Individual owlx:name tosca" / owlx:Individual owlx:name salome" / /owlx:OneOf owlx:OneOf owlx:Individual owlx:name turandot" / owlx:Individual owlx:name tosca" / /owlx:OneOf /owlx:UnionOf /owlx:Class element ComplementOf (D,F) complementOf content: ( description ) /ComplementOf description This element specifies a class for. Owl:complementOf in owl reference for example, the expression "neither meat nor fish" could be written as follows by using ComplementOf element (see also owl:complementOf in owl reference ). Example 2_3-10 (D,F) owlx:Class owlx:name"ComplementOf-eg" owlx:complete"true" owlx:ComplementOf owlx:UnionOf owlx:Class owlx:name meat" / owlx:Class owlx:name fish" / /owlx:UnionOf /owlx:ComplementOf /owlx:Class.3.5 Class relationships element SubClassOf (D,F) subClassOf content: ( sub, super ) /SubClassOf Ontology This element allows one to say that the class extension. Rdfs:subClassOf in owl reference element sub (D,F) element super (D,F) For example, the following class axiom declares a subclass relation between two classes that are described through their names Opera" and "MusicalWork. Subclass relations provide necessary conditions for belonging to a class. In this case, to be an opera the individual also needs to be a musical work (see also rdfs:subClassOf in owl reference ). Example 2_3-11 (l,d, f) owlx:Class owlx:name"Opera" owlx:complete"false" owlx:Class owlx:name musicalWork" / /owlx:Class for any class there may be any number of subClassOf axioms. For example, it is possible to add the following axiom about the Opera class. Example 2_3-12 (D,F) owlx:SubClassOf owlx:sub owlx:Class owlx:name"Opera" / /owlx:sub owlx:super owlx:ObjectRestriction owlx:minCardinality owlx:value"1" / /owlx:super /owlx:SubClassOf This class axiom contains a property restriction.

xml presentation

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Example 2_3-3 (l,d, f) owlx:Class owlx:name"Child1" owlx:complete"false" owlx:ObjectRestriction owlx:property hasParent" owlx:allValuesFrom owlx:class Human" / /owlx:Class element ObjectRestriction/ someValuesFrom class - a reference pdf to a class name ObjectRestriction This element specifies a class of all individuals for which at least one value of the property concerned. Owl:someValuesFrom in owl reference the following example defines a class of individuals which have at least one parent who is a physician (see also owl:someValuesFrom in owl reference example 2_3-4 (l,d, f) owlx:Class owlx:name"Child2" owlx:complete"false" owlx:ObjectRestriction owlx:property hasParent" owlx:someValuesFrom owlx:class Physician" / /owlx:Class element ObjectRestriction. Owl:hasValue in owl reference the following example describes the class of individuals who have the individual referred to as "Clinton" as their parent (see also owl:hasValue in owl reference example 2_3-5 (l,d, f) owlx:Class owlx:name"Child3" owlx:complete"false" owlx:ObjectRestriction owlx:property hasParent" owlx:hasValue owlx:name Clinton" / /owlx:Class.3.3. refers to some individual (remember: all individuals are by definition instances of owlx:Individual). In the section on datatypes we will see another use of the OneOf element, namely to define an enumeration of data values. Element EnumeratedClass (D,F) name - a reference to a name of this class deprecated - this class is deprecated if true ontology This element contains the exactly enumerated individuals. Owl:oneOf in owl reference, and OneOf object in this document EnumeratedClass can also be used for the OneOf enumeration, and the enumeration of all continents can be described as follows (see also Enumeration in owl reference example 2_3-7 (D,F) owlx:EnumeratedClass owlx:name"AllContinents" owlx:Individual owlx:name eurasia". Owl:intersectionOf in owl reference in the example below, the range of the intersection statement is a list of two class descriptions, namely two enumerations, both describing a class with two individuals. The resulting intersection is a class with one individual, namely "Tosca" since this is the only individual that is common to both enumerations (see also owl:intersectionOf in owl reference ).

xml presentation

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The restrictions must have exactly one content element for owl lite, while they must have at restaurant least one content element for owl dl and Full. Owl:Restriction, owl:minCardinality, owl:maxCardinality, owl:cardinality, owl:allValuesFrom, owl:someValuesFrom, and owl:hasValue in owl reference element minCardinality minCardinality value(L) either '0' or '1' required value(D,F) xsd:nonNegativeinteger required content: ( empty ) /minCardinality element maxCardinality maxCardinality value(L) either '0' or '1' required value(D,F) xsd:nonNegativeinteger required content: ( empty ) /maxCardinality. ) /allValuesFrom datatype - a reference to a datatype dataRestriction This element specifies a class of all individuals for which all range values of the property under consideration are data values within the specified data range. Owl:allValuesFrom in owl reference element DataRestriction/ someValuesFrom someValuesFrom datatype xsd:anyuri content (D,F) : ( OneOf data? ) /someValuesFrom datatype - a reference to a datatype dataRestriction This element specifies a class of all individuals for which at least one value of the property concerned is a data value in the data range. Owl:someValuesFrom in owl reference element DataRestriction/ hasValue (D,F) element ObjectRestriction property - a reference to a property name description This element declares restrictions on ObjectProperty (properties for which the range value is an individual). Owl:Restriction, owl:minCardinality, owl:maxCardinality, owl:cardinality, owl:allValuesFrom, owl:someValuesFrom, and owl:hasValue in owl reference element ObjectRestriction/ allValuesFrom class - a reference to a class name ObjectRestriction This element specifies a class of all individuals for which all range values of the property under consideration are members of the. Owl:allValuesFrom in owl reference the example below describes a class of all individuals for which the "hasParent" property only has range values of class "Human" (see also owl:allValuesFrom in owl reference ).

Deprecated - this class is deprecated if true ontology This element contains non-empty sequence of descriptions, which are the basic building blocks of class axioms. Owl:Class in owl reference.3.1 Class descriptions A class description is the term used in owl reference owl semantics, and used as a basic building block of class axioms (or called class definitions informally). Model group description Class axiom, EquivalentClasses, disjointClasses (d,f sub (d,f super (d,f unionOf (d,f intersectionOf (d,f complementOf (d,f domain (d,f objectProperty/ range (d,f objectRestriction/ allValuesFrom (d,f objectRestriction/ someValuesFrom (d,f type In the xml presentation syntax, a class description is represented as a model group definition. This model group allows to not only describe a class through a name (i.e., a class identifier but also define an anonymous class by means of property restriction, union, intersection, complement, and enumeration. 4.1 in owl reference element Class id class name xsd:anyuri required content: empty) /Class Example 2_3-1 (l,d, f) owlx:Class owlx:name"Student" owlx:complete"false" owlx:Annotation owlx:Label owlx:Label owlx:Label owlx:Documentation xml:lang"en" Undergraduates /owlx:Annotation owlx:Class owlx:name"Person" / /owlx:Class.3.2 Property restrictions A property restriction defines an anonymous class, namely. The xml syntax of owl distinguishes two types of property restrictions: DataRestriction (restriction on properties for which the range value is a data literal) and ObjectRestriction (restriction on properties for which the range value is an individual). Example 2_3-2 (D,F) owlx:Class owlx:name"Student" owlx:complete"false" owlx:Class owlx:name"Person" / owlx:DataRestriction owlx:property"studentID" owlx:cardinality owlx:value"1" / owlx:allValuesFrom / /owlx:DataRestriction owlx:DataRestriction owlx:property"grade" owlx:cardinality owlx:value"1" / owlx:allValuesFrom owlx:OneOf owlx:DataValue owlx:DataValue owlx:DataValue owlx:DataValue /owlx:OneOf /owlx:allValuesFrom /owlx:DataRestriction owlx:ObjectRestriction owlx:property"schoolYear" owlx:cardinality owlx:value"1" / owlx:allValuesFrom owlx:OneOf owlx:Individual owlx:name"Freshman" / owlx:Individual owlx:name"Sophomore" / owlx:Individual.

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xml presentation

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In particular, this element can take a business wildcard element (xsd:any which can be in any namespace other than the target namespace 'owlx' for the xml presentation syntax Schema since namespace attribute value of the xsd:any element is specified as other in the Schema declaration. In addition, according to the declaration processContents"lax" in the xsd:any, the wildcard element allows an xml schema processor to validate elements for which it can find namespace declarations and raise errors if they are invalid. However, the processor will not report errors on the elements for which it does not find declarations. Element Label xml:lang - specifies the language used in the content Annotation This element provides a human-readable version name of an annotated element. In rdf/xml syntax, rails this element is mapped to rdfs:label in rdf schema. Element Documentation xml:lang - specifies the language used in the content Annotation This element provides a human-readable description of an annotated element.

In rdf/xml syntax, this element is mapped to rdfs:comment in rdf schema. 2.3 Classes Classes provide an abstraction mechanism for grouping resources with similar characteristics. Owl classes are described through "class descriptions which can be combined into "class axioms". "Axiom" is a formal term, and may be called "definition" informally. Element Class axiom name - a reference to a name of this Class complete - the modality is complete if true, otherwise partial. The default value is false.

In addition, element index (.1 ) gives an alphabetical list of elements in the xml presentation syntax, and cross reference (.2 ) shows the correspondence between constructs in rdf/xml syntax and elements of xml presentation syntax. In Appendix c, an xslt stylesheet is given for the transformation from the xml presentation syntax toward rdf/xml syntax of owl. 2.1 The root Element element Ontology name - refers to a name of this ontology, which is the base uri of this element. This is the root element of owl documents in the xml presentation syntax, while rdf:rdf is used as the document root for owl in rdf/XML. Owl:Ontology used as a construct for the header component in owl reference the root element Ontology may optionally contain, in any order, any number of header elements for versioning import and/or annotation statements.


In the presentation syntax, there is no header element in contrast to the rdf/xml syntax in which owl:Ontology is provided as a construct for the header component. A sample ontology header could look like this (see also 3 in owl reference example 2_2-1 (l,d, f) owlx:Annotation owlx:Documentation An example owl /owlx:Annotation owlx:PriorVersion / owlx:Imports owlx:Annotation owlx:Label Wine Ontology /owlx:Label /owlx:Annotation element PriorVersion PriorVersion ontology xsd:anyuri required content: empty) /PriorVersion ontology -. Owl:priorVersion in owl reference element BackwardCompatibleWith backwardCompatibleWith ontology xsd:anyuri required content: empty) ontology - a reference to a backward compatible ontology Ontology This element contains a reference to another ontology that identifies the specified ontology as a prior version of the containing ontology, and further. Owl:backwardCompatibleWith in owl reference element IncompatibleWith IncompatibleWith ontology xsd:anyuri required content: empty) /IncompatibleWith ontology - a reference to an incompatible ontology Ontology This element contains a reference to another ontology that indicates that the containing ontology is a later version of the referenced ontology, but. Owl:incompatibleWith in owl reference element Imports Imports ontology xsd:anyuri required content: empty) /Imports ontology - a reference to another ontology Ontology This element refers to another owl ontology containing definitions, whose meaning is considered to be part of the meaning of the importing ontology. Owl:imports in owl reference element Annotation Ontology, class axiom, EnumeratedClass (d,f datatypeProperty, objectProperty, individual axiom This element is provided as a place holder for various ways of annotations such as Label and Documentation.

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Prefix Namespace notes owlx The namespace of the essay xml presentation syntax of owl defined by this document owl The namespace of owl in rdf/xml syntax xsd The namespace of the xml schema xmlschema-1. Element Reference All the elements and their attributes and element contents in the xml syntax are listed in this section. In order to indicate partial availability for owl sublanguages, subscript enclosed within parentheses. G., (L) and (D,F) may be appended to either element names, attribute names, or labels for element contents (i.e., content: ). For example, enumeratedClass(D,F) means that EnumeratedClass element is only available for owl dl and owl full. Note that all the elements, attributes, and element contents without subscript in parentheses means that those constructs are available for all the three owl sublanguages. Examples and their brief explanations of owl statements in this section are derived from the reference document owl reference, and more examples in Appendix b are created on the basis of the guide review document owl guide.

xml presentation

Ontology element (.1 and an owl document further consists of optional header elements (.2 ) as well as any number of classes (.3 properties (.4 and individuals (.5 ). Example 1_1-1 (l,d, f)? Entity xsd owlx:Ontology!- contains optional header elements as well as any number of classes, properties, and individuals. owlx:Ontology attribute values are frequently used for referring to identifiers in owl. Since attribute values are not namespace sensitive, they may be written down in their fully expanded form (e.g., alternatively, xml entities can be used as abbreviations. In the xml presentation syntax, xml schema datatypes (.6 ) are referred to by owlx:datatype attributes, and an xml entity xsd; can be used for readability. 1.2 Notational Conventions A number of namespace prefixes are used in this document as listed below. Note that the choice essay of any namespace prefix is arbitrary, and not semantically significant.

xml schema of owl lite is valid against the xml schema of owl. Every document valid against the xml schema of owl dl is valid against the xml schema of owl full. Three schemas are defined for the sublanguages: owl lite (owl1-lite. Xsd owl dl (owl1-dl. Xsd and owl full (owl1-full. The definitions of these Schemas are given. 1.1 owl document Structure, the root element of owl documents for the xml presentation syntax must.

Jérôme euzenat, inria rhône-Alpes, peter. Patel-Schneider, bell Labs Research, lucent Technologies. Copyright 2003, w3c mit, ercim, keio all Rights Reserved. W3C liability, trademark, document use and software licensing rules apply. Abstract, this document specifies xml presentation syntax for owl, which is defined as a dialect similar to owl abstract Syntax. It is not intended to be a normative specification. Instead, it represents a suggestion pdf of one possible xml presentation syntax for owl. Table of Contents, this document specifies xml presentation syntax for owl, which is defined as a dialect similar to owl abstract Syntax. The owl language provides three increasingly expressive sublanguages: owl lite, owl dl, and owl full.

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Template controlTemplate targetType"Button" grid ellipse fill"TemplateBinding Background" Stroke"TemplateBinding BorderBrush" Stretch"Fill contentPresenter VerticalAlignment"Center" /Grid /ControlTemplate /Button. Net.5, 4th edition. . — United States of America: Apress, 2009. . Owl web Ontology language xml presentation Syntax. W3c note, new Version available: owl 2 (Document Status Update, 12 november 2009). The owl working Group has produced a writing w3c recommendation for a new version of owl which adds features to this 2004 version, while remaining compatible. Owl 2 Document overview for an introduction to owl 2 and a guide to the owl 2 document set. This version: latest version: authors: Masahiro hori, kansai university (formerly ibm tokyo research).


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